barbarism, barbarity are frequently confused.
Barbarism is used chiefly of a state of society or of a culture that may be described as barbarian, or as neither savage and crude nor civilized and highly refined

the savage mystic is also the savage man of science, the priest and the doctor are one. It is so also for the most part in barbarismEllis


the human race... is as yet only a little bit civilized and... in time of serious trouble... has a very strong tendency to stampede back into barbarismLippmann

Barbarity is used chiefly in reference to a temper or to practices that may be described as barbarous, or uncivilized, brutal, and inhumane

barbarity seldom equaled by the fiercest of savages


his dream of eating pâtés de foie gras to the sound of trumpets ignored the calculated barbarity which produced the food he loved— Repplier

Sometimes, however, barbarity denotes a taste that is barbaric

the supposed influence of Seneca on the barbarity of Elizabethan tragedy— T. S. Eliot

Antonyms: civilization
Contrasted words: *culture, cultivation, refinement

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

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  • barbarism — BARBARÍSM, barbarisme, s.n. Cuvânt împrumutat dintr o limbă străină fără a fi necesar (şi fără a se asimila în aceasta); cuvânt de jargon. – Din fr. barbarisme, lat. barbarismus. Trimis de valeriu, 07.05.2008. Sursa: DEX 98  BARBARÍSM s.… …   Dicționar Român

  • Barbarism — may refer to:* Barbarism (derived from barbarian), the condition to which a society or civilization may be reduced after a societal collapse, relative to an earlier period of cultural or technological advancement; the term may also be used… …   Wikipedia

  • barbarism — barbarism, barbarity Barbarism has the widest scope of reference, being applied to matters of taste as well as human behaviour, and it has a special meaning in relation to language (see barbarisms). Barbarity (and occasionally barbarousness,… …   Modern English usage

  • Barbarism — Bar ba*rism (b[aum]r b[.a]*r[i^]z m), n. [L. barbarismus, Gr. barbarismo s; cf. F. barbarisme.] 1. An uncivilized state or condition; rudeness of manners; ignorance of arts, learning, and literature; barbarousness. Prescott. [1913 Webster] 2. A… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • barbarism — mid 15c., uncivilized or rude nature, from Fr. barbarisme (13c.), from L. barbarismus, from Gk. barbarismos foreign speech, from barbarizein to do as a foreigner does (see BARBARIAN (Cf. barbarian)). Only of speech in Greek, Latin, and French;… …   Etymology dictionary

  • barbarism — UK [ˈbɑː(r)bəˌrɪz(ə)m] / US [ˈbɑrbəˌrɪzəm] or barbarity UK [bɑː(r)ˈbærətɪ] / US [bɑrˈberətɪ] noun [uncountable] extremely violent and cruel behaviour …   English dictionary

  • barbarism — [n] crudity, savagery, especially in speech atrocity, barbarity, brutality, catachresis, coarseness, corruption, cruelty, impropriety, inhumanity, localism, malapropism, misusage, misuse, primitive culture, provincialism, solecism,… …   New thesaurus

  • barbarism — ► NOUN 1) extreme cruelty. 2) an uncivilized or primitive state. 3) a word or expression which is badly formed according to traditional rules, e.g. the word television, which is formed from two different languages. DERIVATIVES barbarity noun …   English terms dictionary

  • barbarism — [bär′bə riz΄əm] n. [L barbarismus < Gr barbarismos: see BARBAROUS] 1. a) the use of words and expressions not standard in a language b) a word or expression of this sort (Ex.: “youse” for “you”): see also 2. IMPROPRIETY, SOLECISM …   English World dictionary

  • barbarism — [[t]bɑ͟ː(r)bərɪzəm[/t]] N UNCOUNT (disapproval) If you refer to someone s behaviour as barbarism, you strongly disapprove of it because you think that it is extremely cruel or uncivilized. We do not ask for the death penalty: barbarism must not… …   English dictionary

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